Sample Type / Medical Specialty: Orthopedic
The branch of surgery and medicine concerned with the correction or reconstruction of skeletal and spinal deformities.
Total Knee Replacement
Total left knee replacement. Degenerative arthritis of the left knee. Degenerative ware of three compartments of the trochlea, the medial, as well as the lateral femoral condyles as well was the plateau.
Total Knee Replacement - 1
Total knee replacement. A midline incision was made, centered over the patella. Dissection was sharply carried down through the subcutaneous tissues. A median parapatellar arthrotomy was performed.
Total Knee Replacement - NexGen
NexGen left total knee replacement. Degenerative arthritis of left knee. The patient is a 72-year-old female with a history of bilateral knee pain for years progressively worse and decreasing quality of life and ADLs.
Foraminal disc herniation of left L3-L4. Enlarged dorsal root ganglia of the left L3 nerve root. Transpedicular decompression of the left L3-L4 with discectomy.
Trigger Finger Release
Trigger finger release. A longitudinal incision was made over the digit's A1 pulley. Dissection was carried down to the flexor sheath with care taken to identify and protect the neurovascular bundles. The sheath was opened under direct vision with a scalpel, and then a scissor was used to release it under direct vision from the proximal extent of the A1 pulley to just proximal to the proximal digital crease.
Trigger Thumb Release
Trigger thumb release. A transverse incision was made over the MPJ crease of the thumb. Dissection was carried down to the flexor sheath with care taken to identify and protect the neurovascular bundles.
Trigger Thumb Release - 1
Trigger thumb release. Right trigger thumb. The A-1 pulley was divided along its radial border, completely freeing the stenosing tenosynovitis (trigger release).
Ulnar Nerve Decompression
Decompression of the ulnar nerve, left elbow. Left cubital tunnel syndrome and ulnar nerve entrapment.
Ulnar Nerve Transposition
Subcutaneous ulnar nerve transposition. A curvilinear incision was made over the medial elbow, starting proximally at the medial intermuscular septum, curving posterior to the medial epicondyle, then curving anteriorly along the path of the ulnar nerve. Dissection was carried down to the ulnar nerve.
Ulnar Nerve Transposition & Olecranon Bursa Excision
Right ulnar nerve transposition, right carpal tunnel release, and right excision of olecranon bursa. Right cubital tunnel syndrom, carpal tunnel syndrome, and olecranon bursitis.