Sample Type / Medical Specialty: Cardiovascular / Pulmonary
Sample Name: Transesophageal Echocardiogram
Transesophageal echocardiogram and direct current cardioversion.
(Medical Transcription Sample Report)
Transesophageal echocardiogram and direct current cardioversion.REASON FOR EXAM:
1. Atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular rate.
2. Shortness of breath.PROCEDURE:
After informed consent was obtained, the patient was then sedated using a total of 4 mg of Versed and 50 mcg of fentanyl. Following this, transesophageal probe was placed in the esophagus. Transesophageal views of the heart were then obtained.FINDINGS:
1. Left ventricle is of normal size. Overall LV systolic function is preserved. Estimated ejection fraction is 60% to 65%. No wall motion abnormalities are noted.
2. Left atrium is dilated.
3. Left atrial appendage is free of clots.
4. Right atrium is of normal size.
5. Right ventricle is of normal size.
6. Mitral valve shows evidence of mild MAC.
7. Aortic valve is sclerotic without significant restriction of leaflet motion.
8. Tricuspid valve appears normal.
9. Pulmonic valve appears normal.
10. Pacer wires are noted in the right atrium and in the right ventricle.
11. Doppler interrogation of moderate mitral regurgitation is present.
12. Mild-to-moderate AI is seen.
13. No significant TR is noted.
14. No significant TI is noted.
15. No pericardial disease seen.IMPRESSION:
1. Preserved left ventricular systolic function.
2. Dilated left atrium.
3. Moderate mitral regurgitation.
4. Aortic valve sclerosis with mild-to-moderate aortic insufficiency.
5. Left atrial appendage is free of clots.
Following these, direct current cardioversion was performed. Three biphasic shock waves of 150 and two of 200 joules were then applied to the patient's chest in anteroposterior direction without success in conversion to sinus rhythm. The patient remained in atrial fibrillation.PLAN:
Plan will be to continue medical therapy. We will consider using beta-blocker, calcium channel blockers for better ventricular rate control.
cardiovascular / pulmonary, transesophageal echocardiogram, direct current cardioversion, atrial fibrillation, ventricular rate, mitral regurgitation, transesophageal,
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