Sample Name: Bifrontal Cranioplasty
Description: Bifrontal cranioplasty, cranial defect greater than 10 cm in diameter in the frontal region.
(Medical Transcription Sample Report)
PREOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: Cranial defect greater than 10 cm in diameter in the frontal region.
POSTOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: Cranial defect greater than 10 cm in diameter in the frontal region.
PROCEDURE: Bifrontal cranioplasty.
ANESTHESIA: General endotracheal anesthesia.
ESTIMATED BLOOD LOSS: Nil.
DESCRIPTION OF PROCEDURE: After induction of adequate general endotracheal anesthesia, an appropriate time out was performed. We identified the patient, the location of surgery, the appropriate surgical procedure, and the appropriate implant. He was given intravenous antibiotics with ceftriaxone, vancomycin, and Flagyl appropriately for antibiotic prophylaxis and sequential compression devices were used for deep venous thromboembolism prophylaxis. The scalp was prepped and draped in the usual sterile fashion. A previous incision was reopened and the scalp flap was reflected forward. We dissected off the dura and we were able to get a nice plane of dissection elevating the temporalis muscle along with the scalp flap. We freed up the bony edges circumferentially, but except for the inferior frontal region where the vascularized pericranial graft took its vascular supply from we did not come across the base. We did explore laterally and saw a little bit of the mesh on the lateral orbit. Once we had the bony edges explored, we took the performed plate and secured it in a place with titanium plates and screws. We had achieved good hemostasis. The wound was closed in multiple layers in usual fashion over a Blake drain. At the end of the procedure, all sponge and needle counts were correct. A sterile dressing was applied to the incision. The patient was transported to the recovery room in good condition after having tolerated the procedure well. I was personally present and scrubbed and performed/supervised all key portions.
Keywords: neurosurgery, cranial defect, frontal region, bifrontal cranioplasty, cranioplasty, chondrosarcoma, scalp flap, bony edges, bone flap, bifrontal, cranial, endotracheal, frontal,